• Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Metastatic liver cancers (colorectal, neuroendocrine, etc.)
  • Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
  • Liver cysts and polycystic disease
  • Hemangiomas
  • Focal nodular hyperplasia
  • Hepatic adenoma


  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Pancreatic neoplasms (IPMN, mucinous cystadenoma)
  • Neuroendocrine tumors (insulinoma, carcinoid tumors, glucagonoma,VIPoma, etc)
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Pancreatic cysts and pseudocysts

Biliary System (Bile Ducts and Gallbladder)

  • Bile duct cancers (hilar cholangiocarcinoma/Klatskin tumors)
  • Bile duct injury
  • Gallbladder cancers